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Average salary in Israel

April 19, 2024 606 Time to read: 10 min.

Israel is a highly developed country, particularly in the fields of industry and medicine. This state is known for its high standard of living. The country is on the same level with prosperous European nations in terms of salaries. Let’s find out what the average salary is in Israel. According to the OECD, Israel ranks second place among developed countries considering per capita income growth. Let’s explore other characteristics of earnings in Israel.

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Dynamics of average salary in Israel

As for 2023, the average salary in Israel is around $3,300 or 11,000 shekels per month. Income varies based on industry and region. Statistics show a roughly 25% increase in incomes over the last decade. Those working in sectors related to mining are seeing an increase in revenues. The average family income is about 15,500 shekels. If both partners work full-time, the total income is around 20,000 shekels.

Minimum salary in israel

Over the last decade, there has been an increase in the minimum salary in Israel. Currently, it stands at 5,400 shekels per month or $1,500. Workers can earn $68 or 245 shekels per day. The hourly minimum wage in Israel is $8 or 29 shekels. Employees who are 18 years and older, as well as those working full-time in an organization, are eligible for this minimum wage.

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    Salaries in Israel

    Israel ranks among the highest countries in the world showing a great level in standard of living. With a developed economy, innovative industries, and a highly productive population, Israeli salaries generally exceed those in many other countries. The government offers comprehensive social security programs. Additionally, Israel boasts top-tier education and healthcare systems. However, the cost of living is notably high, especially in big cities, and there are distinct economic and social disparities.

    Salaries in Israel vary by sector. In healthcare, the average income is around 7,500 shekels, while in banking it’s about 15,500 shekels. Teachers and tutors earn roughly 7,500 shekels, and those in social services make around 5,100 shekels. Government sector salaries hover around 15,500 shekels, with higher earnings in state-run electrical organizations.

    Wage levels in Israel depend on factors such as region, profession, qualification level, and experience. As of 2021, the average monthly salary ranges from 11,000 to 13,000 shekels ($3,200 to $3,700 USD). Salaries can be significantly higher in certain industries and larger cities, especially in well-paying fields like engineering, high tech, finance, medicine and law.

    Known for its high salaries and standard of living, Israel’s cost of living impacts goods and real estate prices. Rent averages between $500 to $700 monthly, not including utilities, which cost an additional $100 to $300. A large part of income goes towards taxes, and separate payments for medical, car, and life insurance, along with pension contributions. Real estate prices vary; a three-bedroom apartment in Jerusalem might cost around $650,000, whereas in a smaller town, a similar property could be around $100,000. Rental prices are influenced by the area’s prestige. High costs for food, gasoline, and tobacco products are also notable.

    Average Salary by Profession in Israel

    In Israel, salaries are determined by specific professions and whether one works in the private or public sector. The table below shows the earnings for various professionals and specialists.

    Profession Income in Shekels Salary in USD
    Programmers 16,800 4,685
    Drivers 7,900 2,200
    Teachers 8,400 2,300
    Welders, Electricians 10,800 3,000
    Construction Specialists 8,800 2,500
    Highly Qualified Medical Professionals 15,800 4,400
    Lower Qualified Medical Staff 6,800 1,900
    Cooks 6,900 1,950
    Engineers 14,800 4,200
    Firefighters 10,000 2,800
    Police Officers 10,000 2,800
    Salespeople 9,000 2,500

    The highest salaries in Israel are in the fields of Information Technology and Telecommunications. According to OECD reports, there is a shortage of specialists in healthcare.

    Worker Salaries in Israel

    The construction industry is thriving in Israel, with numerous new projects emerging every year. Workers in skilled trades are paid quite well due to the challenges of building in a hot climate.

    A typical construction worker earns about $2,200 or around 9,000 shekels.

    There are many opportunities for welders who have specialized knowledge and the required qualifications. Specialists skilled in CNC machine operation also command high salaries.

    Average Income by City

    Salaries in Israel vary significantly depending on the location and the availability of jobs for foreigners. There are many opportunities in Tel Aviv, the country’s scientific, technological, and financial hub. In this city, one can find jobs paying $2,000 to $3,000 even in professions that do not require special qualifications. Other cities with high income levels include Jerusalem, Haifa, and Ashdod.

    City Income in Shekels Income in Dollars
    Jerusalem 12,000 3,000
    Tel Aviv 12,100 3,000
    Haifa 11,200 2,900
    Petah Tikva 10,100 2,800
    Ashdod 9,600 2,700
    Holon 9,100 2,550
    Netanya 8,700 2,450
    Ashkelon 7,100 2,200
    Nazareth 7,000 2,100
    Herzliya 7,050 2,150

    Income Prospects Without Language Proficiency

    Workers from other countries and immigrants who don’t speak jewish language can look for jobs that involve physical labor. These include roles such as cleaning, elderly care, food production, kitchen work, garbage picking, and product packaging. In such jobs, one can earn approximately 18-25 Shekels per hour. In some cases, workers are offered food and accommodation, which is particularly relevant for nannies, caregivers, and those in agricultural sectors. Typically, the workweek in these roles consists of 6 days.

    Other alternative income avenues without language proficiency include:

    1. Remote Work: With the rise of remote work and technology, there are various opportunities for online projects or freelance work where language may be less important or not required at all.
    2. International Companies: Some large multinational organizations with branches or offices in Israel may offer roles in English, as they often communicate with overseas branches.
    3. Tourism Industry: As a popular tourist destination, Israel offers job opportunities in servicing historical sites, guiding English-speaking tourists, or working as translators.
    4. Volunteering: Some organizations or communities may offer volunteer work, which can provide accommodation and meals or even be paid.
    5. Tutoring: If you have knowledge and experience in a certain field, you can offer private lessons in English or conduct online courses.

    It’s important to note that learning the local language significantly broadens job opportunities and potential for higher income. If you consider Israel as a long-term residence, learning the language will provide more flexibility and access to more professional opportunities.

    Taxes

    Income in Israel is subject to medical and social insurance taxes, income tax, and pension fund contributions. A progressive income tax rate is applied. Citizens can expect certain social benefits, while non-citizens are not eligible for tax benefits.

    Most citizens pay a tax rate 14%. Pension fund contributions are 2.5%, and medical and social insurance taxes are 12%. Some state enterprises and large organizations offer their own pension programs, contributing 5-7.5% to the pension account each month. Employees who stay in the country for more than 183 days are required to pay taxes.

    Personal Income Tax (PIT)

    Employers are responsible for withholding taxes. Deductions from income are mandatory for all employed individuals, including foreign specialists. The more an employee earns, the higher their tax rate.

    Employers are responsible for withholding taxes. Deductions from income are mandatory for all employed individuals, including foreign specialists. The more an employee earns, the higher their tax rate.

    Annual Income in Shekels Tax Rate, %
    Up to 81,480 10
    81,480 to 116,760 14
    116,760 to 187,440 20
    187,440 to 260,520 31
    260,520 to 542,160 35
    542,160 to 698,280 47
    Above 698,280 50

    Pension Contributions

    All working citizens contribute to the pension fund, approximately 6% of their income, matched by their employer. Israel also has a severance fund, to which employers contribute. Pension calculations include both an old-age benefit and a saving system. The old-age benefit is paid to all citizens upon reaching retirement age, while the cumulative part is based on the total number of years worked in the country. If a person has worked more than 10 years and paid taxes, they are entitled to both a pension and a benefit. If the ownership is less than 10 years but taxes were paid, only the benefit is due. The pension system also includes a lump sum payment at retirement, based on the average earned salary multiplied by years worked.

    Monthly pension payments are standard, but different programs exist for repatriates. Payments are available if the individual was under 62 years old upon arrival in the country. Registration upon moving to the country is essential. To apply for benefits, one must submit an application to the Social Security Office, which handles pension payments. Benefits can increase with age, especially after 70 years, if there are no additional incomes.

    Bituach Leumi Contributions

    In Israel, citizens must also contribute to Bituach Leumi, the National Insurance Institute, and to the healthcare fund. Even non-working individuals must contribute, with a minimum threshold of 112 shekels.

    Medical insurance payments are calculated as follows:

    • From a part of the salary not exceeding 60% of the average wage – 3.1%;
    • From income exceeding 60% of the salary – 5%.

    Work Week in Israel

    It’s important to understand the structure of the work week. Firstly, the work week starts on Sunday. The work week can be either 5 or 6 days, depending on the agreement and contract terms. If the work week is five days, the workday is 8.4 hours, totaling about 42 hours per week. Unions are pushing to reduce the work week to 40 hours.

    The main day off is Saturday, known as Shabbat. If the work week is five days, rest days are Friday and Saturday. Most shops and cafes are closed on Saturdays, with some closing early at 2-3 PM. However, some establishments reopen after dark on Saturdays.

    Despite the high cost of living, Israel is known for its growing economy and favorable investment conditions. People are drawn to Israel for several reasons: its friendly population and society, high medical standards, various social services, career opportunities, and excellent climate conditions.

    Conclusion

    The standard of living in Israel ranks among the highest in the world, evidenced by high salaries, a developed economy, and extensive social guarantees provided by the government. Consequently, the cost of living is also high, especially in major cities, meaning expenses for housing, food and services can be substantial.

    Salaries in Israel vary based on the field of work, with some professions like engineering, finance, and medicine offering higher incomes. Israel’s tax system includes income taxes, medical and social insurance, as well as pension fund contributions. Citizens can also expect certain social benefits.

    The workweek in Israel can be 5 or 6 days, with the weekend typically falling on Saturday due to cultural and religious practices. Despite the high cost of living, Israel remains an attractive destination for many, thanks to its friendly society, high level of medical care and favorable climate conditions.

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